Tag Archives: Philippine Culture

Sexual Domestic Violence

Before there were cases of rape against young women outside their houses or before there were cases of rape perpetrated or done outside marriage and elsewhere either by group of drug addicts or gangs or by single person alone; now there is a full blown decline of such cases but has become full blown rather on their own homes which should be their den of protection against lingering rapist in the streets but their homes had become now the den for committing rapes and other domestic sexual violence. Moreover, what replace the rape outside respective homes are the rape cases against fellow males, but just rarely.

Recent reports presents a great number of increase, according to the 2008 National Demographic Health Survey that one among five among Filipino that ranges from age 15 to 49 has been reported to had experienced physical and sexual domestic violence by their husbands and their own father( for children being sexually abused)
“From 2006 to the present, there has been a constant increase, In 2011 there were 12,948 reported cases, up from 4,954 in 2006 – a rise of more than 150 percent – the PNP Women and Children’s Protection Centre (PNP-WPC) noted. From January to April of 2012, 5,629 cases have been reported. ..The 2008 National Demographic Health Survey estimated that one in five Filipino women between the ages of 15 and 49 had experienced physical violence, while 14.4 percent of women have been physically abused by their husbands….”

Unfortunately, the department in the Philippines that should protect women and children is clueless why domestic violence happens according to chairperson of the Democratic Socialist Women of the Philippines (DSWP), Elizabeth Angsioco. The Democratic Socialist Women of the Philippines is a national federation of women’s grassroots communities in the Philippines that protects the rights of women; but some quite or not quite similar to party list group Gabriela, as well as to Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) that seeks welfare of anyone in the Philippine society but most of all women and children.

The Department of Social Welfare and Development or DSWD had nothing also to do about it or just clueless why it happens despite there is an enforcement of the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law, which was passed in year 2004.For if this government department – the Department of Social Welfare and Development or DSWD- and as well as these Non-government organizations or NGOs like the Democratic Socialist Women of the Philippines and the party list group Garbriela really acts and enforce what their department and organization is purpose of, why still sexual violence and domestic violence still happens and rules and increases in number? Is the Department of Social Welfare and Development or DSWD just wasting government funds or just secretly corrupting it and doing the Noynoy thing – as they call it, “Noynoying” – and since this social department in the Philippines is under the wings of protection of Noynoy, thus it is not scrutinize but spare and whitewash in the public to be working hard as Noynoy himself though his hypocrisy and lies is already blatant and apparent still says the opposite what the thinking public sees about his public acts. Great hypocrite is he, why he scrutinize or examine the irregularities on his own management which is already apparent and obvious?

“Yes, there is an increase in reported cases, but we cannot say why. Part of it may be a natural development due to the increased awareness of the laws meant to protect women,” admitted by chairperson of the Democratic Socialist Women of the Philippines (DSWP), Elizabeth Angsioco.

Ironically, “…Since the legislation was passed (the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law) , the number of cases of reported intimate partner violence has been steadily increasing, from 218 in 2004 to 9,021 in 2011. Violations of RA 9262 make up the largest component of reported acts of violence against women (VAW), including rape, sexual assault, and physical injury…”

Actually, the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law, is a law that protects the welfare of women and children in the Philippines from all forms and sorts of violence of violation of their human rights.”… . It broadened the definition of abuse to include physical, emotional and economic harm. It also made violence by an intimate partner (anyone with whom a woman has a sexual relationship) a public crime, and made it possible for anyone -not just the victim – to file a case against a perpetrator….”

In concurrence, the World Health Organization also agree to the increasing number of level of sexual violence in the Philippines and described it to be of serious concern to ponder about,”… The World Health Organization described the level of sexual violence in the Philippines as ‘a serious cause of concern’..”.

However, the authorities in the Philippines said in contrast that they are doing some measures to avert and combat the violation of the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law,but they deem it to be of personal matters for the Philippine police do not see themselves as marriage council that repairs marriage or relationship that had marred or broken; but yet these Philippine police as if willfully forget or just oblivious that there are cases of the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law which need their attention or which require their intervention and authority.

“..The authorities have taken a number of measures, mainly gender-sensitive interventions, to encourage women to come forward…..“Before the law [RA 9262], domestic violence was seen as a private issue. Some [police] officers were confused about their role and would reconcile couples,”

However, some senior competent Philippine police knew their roles in pertaining to such cases but some neophyte or even oldies doesn’t knew their roles regarding the implementation of Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law.

But actually, the Philippine National Police or PNP in 2007 had constructed Women and Children Protection Centres or WCPC to protect women and children or house them in these centers which shoulders their welfare. There are already 1,800 Women and Children Protection Centres or WCPC in the Philippines or across the Philippines archipelago and 3,038 policewomen stationed on these centers which houses women and children that has undergone abuses like sexual abuse and domestic violence.

“..The PNP established Women and Children Protection Centres (WCPC) in 2007 to deal with crimes involving the exploitation and abuse of women and children. There are now more than 1,800 such centres throughout the country, staffed by 3,038 policewomen trained in the laws that protect women, such as RA 9262, and gender sensitivity. Some police stations have been equipped with child-friendly interview rooms for minors, and pink interview rooms for women…”.

But despite the Philippine National Police or PNP has done a solution to handle cases that violates the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law, still there is still lacking on their part for according to them volumes of cases that violates the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law is continually increasing and their stationed policewomen are reported to to overworked since they lack more staffs and police to do and handle and manage each cases from the violation of the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law.

“…Despite these measures there are still huge challenges, including a shortage of staff to handle the volume of cases. Some police stations are not open 24 hours a day, and most policewomen take on additional functions, such as community relations, apart from handling the women’s desk. “These policewomen are overworked and we are understaffed,….. Of the 140,000 PNP personnel, only an estimated 15,600 are women…”

According to chief of the Philippine Commission on Women (PCW), NharleenSantos-Millar, which is on the Policy Development and Advocacy Division, said that since the passage of the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law, there are volumes of convictions but find it hard to manage each one.

“…Since the passage of RA 9262, there have been a number of convictions, but getting the exact numbers would involve the arduous task of going to individual Family Courts, said Santos-Millar. The systematic compilation of data lags behind and means the success of the measures to protect women and children cannot be accurately monitored…”

In 2009,according to Amnesty International ( a human rights watchdog),published their reviews regarding the implementation of the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law, said the major problems why there is an increasing volumes of cases regarding the violation of the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law in the Philippines is because there is no visible near legitimate and Philippine National Police authorized police stations on each women and children that has been abuse and strip out their rights on the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law, on which they could report with and that will help them in their abused condition thus they endure rather their abuse condition; and this is the deterrent for rising volumes of human rights violation regarding the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law.

However, the Philippine National Police in response to the reviews and report of Amnesty International which is an international human rights watchdog last year 2009 made an action to end the deterrence and bridge the gap between women and children from far away or remote areas in the Philippines that has suffered sexual violence and domestic violence or has experience the violation of their rights which was stapled, enclosed or protected under the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law.

The solution or response the Philippine Commission on Women (PCW), Philippine National Police or PNP and other government offices have done is setting up what they call Violence Against Women (VAW) desk on every barangay in the Philippines.

“….In response, the PCW and other government offices rolled out guidelines in 2010 for the establishment of a VAW desk in every barangay, the smallest government unit. As of December 2011, out of the 42,025 barangays in the country, 27,705barangays (or 66 percent) have set up a VAW desk….”

But really unfortunately, some cases are not being solved because of the ingrained mindset on every Filipinos that ..”… Men think it’s part of being a man, women think it’s part of being in a relationship,” according to dismayed Non-Government Organization or NGO in the Philippines – Knowledge Management Officer of the Women’s Crisis Centre.

Or that is the culture in the Philippines that Men in a relationship should rule over and the Women just a mere below them, thus breeding more domestic violence and generating volumes of violations of the Philippine Republic Act (RA) 9262, known as the Violence Against Women and their Children Law.

According to Tet Balayon of the Knowledge Management Officer of the Women’s Crisis Centre,”.. There is too much tolerance for violence in our culture (Philippine Culture)..” which is seconded by NharleenSantos-Millar, chief of the Philippine Commission on Women (PCW), Policy Development and Advocacy Division.

“Violence against women is a societal concern. Everyone needs to be sensitized – judges who think they need to save the family no matter what, communities who pressure women to stay with their abusive husbands – you can’t undo a mindset like that overnight,”

In my concluding opinion, I guess why such dangerous mindset of some Filipinos regarding the status of Filipino men and Filipino women in the relation is mostly affected by their respective belief system or by their respective religions; in Christianity and Muslim the women are regarded a low and needs to be subjected under the ruling of their husbands; and these two religions are predominantly ruling the Philippine religions.

Therefore, the Department of Social Welfare and Development or DSWD of the department of the Philippine is totally nonsense and do nothing but just receiving government funds pocketed by its current secretary and wasting government funds yet not scrutize and examine for corruption and irregulaties by the greatest hypocrite of the Philippines Noynoy Aquino, but rather protected it and spare it.

If this current Philippine is for reforms as he braggartly reports and after corruption in the Philippines why he scrutinize and examine the Department of Social Welfare and Development or DSWD if it does its part; in this article of mine, this department is useless but other government offices of the Philippines are the ones being active whereas the burden of action is upon this useless department which continually being funded instead of abolishing this useless department. What does it does to protect women and children being abused of their human rights? Nothing as in, for the domestic violence regarding women and children’s rights still continues and there is no mention of its cooperation.

Maharlikan

The Maharlikans: The True Pinoy

Before the Spaniards came to conquer and indoctrinate Pilipinos into Catholic Christianity under their powers or to be a colony of Spain, Pilipinos have already their own set of beliefs systems and government system that is the Maharlikan system.

The Maharlikan system is quite similar to the Mayans and Hindu religion. Thus, it is suspected that the real Pilipinos have Sumerian and Egyptian lineage, as well as one of the real dwellers of the lost continent of Mu or are Lemurians. The lost continent Mu is the one called “Lemuria”; Lemuria is a contemporary counterpart of Atlantis then.

The Spanish conquerors not only forcibly indoctrinate many Pilipinos at that time to convert to their religion but they also change or rename the Philippines, from Maharlikan into now the Philippines in line with the name of the king of Spain at that time which is King Philip.

Up until now, the majority of Pilipinos are still held captive by the Hispanic influence of the Spaniards though the Spaniards no longer in the Philippines; through holding still the name “Philippines” and still practicing and the worse integrating into the real Pilipino culture the religious belief of the Spanish conquerors and missionaries back then which is Catholicism, instead of the name “Maharlikan”, and the Maharlikan system of Beliefs.

Life in the Philippines

What Filipinos are living for and how they survive their mortal existence everyday? The diverse source of the conglomerated Philippine culture has brought a very diverse Philippine lifestyle for most Filipinos today. A legacy of way of life transferred to them by their diverse ancestors from different cultures from different countries that have conquest and put their own mark at the Philippine archipelago. How does an ordinary Filipino live up to their mixed Philippine culture and complex Philippine lifestyle?

Like any other nation, Family first is chiefly the top priority of an ordinary Filipino today. Filipino value most their respective families, this was mostly displayed or dramatized artfully in their cinemas and literature. Their earnings were all devoted for their families and loved ones other than themselves, As if they only live for their families. Filipinos are family-oriented and have a family-centered lifestyle or largely, Philippine lifestyle is more of the family than to oneself alone.

However, patriotisms, some said are the driving force of Filipinos, but actually if you look deeply their social awareness, you could discern that there is major reason for this ardent patriotism attitude. That is, love for their families also. Of course, if there is a threat of financial economic crisis across the country, if there are corrupt officials stealing government moneys, the one who will be greatly affected by it is your family also. Filipino patriotism is the result of their ardent true love for their families. This one distinct Philippine culture of Filipinos unites them in their respective diverse lifestyle. For they are only divided due to their differing beliefs, traditions, ideologies and philosophies, languages, arts and literatures which they only inherited from their different ancestors. For the Philippine culture or the Philippine society is largely, a religious-multi-ethic society. The Philippines is composing of three large religious systems, namely Christianity (with diverse so-called Christian churches and organization, from Roman Catholic to protestant to Seventh day Adventist to Iglesia Ni Christo, etc.), Islam (compose of those benevolent ones and those Muslim extremist in southern Mindanao which kidnap tourist in the country wherein the Philippine government have a great struggle fighting against them), and those who has a different religion or systems of belief.

These differing beliefs sometimes collide and cause chaos and disputes within the Philippine community. This is largely the cause of miscommunication among Filipinos.

However, aside from family ties that unites Filipinos and from their differing religious beliefs, there is also this “bahala na” or “lets see” belief or philosophy which unites Filipinos. Almost Filipinos share this belief when they are in the brink of uncertainty. Moreover, there is also this pakikisama”or“go with the flow” attitude largely among Filipinos. If you do not “go with the flow’, some Filipinos brand you as or have put them in shame.

There is also an attitude that impresses some tourist or foreigners toward Filipinos- the Filipino Hospitality. If you are guest, Filipinos will warmly entertain you and make you feel at home.

This warm hospitality of Filipinos attracts more foreigners to keep on coming back into the Philippines.

Regions in the Philippines

The Philippines being an Archipelago is divided not by states but by regions. It was divided into this way because it is a group of islands or archipelago in the Pacific Oceans and this was proposed and imposed to solve the unexpected onslaughts of problems arising from the different islands of the Philippines, like the poor communication and transportation into another islands, the slow pace of economic progress and civilization from remotes areas, the slow and poor trade of commodities from island to island., the dispute from the main central government against the remotes areas of every islands of the country, the problem of preservation of Philippine cultures, and other similar sorts of problems if it will not be divided into regions. This regionalization of the country was proposed and imposed by the late former president Ferdinand E. Marcos by the Presidential decree no.742 at January 1976.The Philippines is divided into thirteen regions. However, these 13 regions have become 16 regions as of the present time in accordance to Presidential decree of 1978.

These Philippine regions are united into four purposes: (1).to maintain the beauty of their respective regions, (2) to hasten the communication to every region, (3) good local governance of their respective regions to avoid or solve immediately problems that will arise, and (4) to reinforce unity in every region of the country. Moreover, these regions are also united to control the Philippine population to increase continually. For in them the Philippines population depends upon.

These 16 regions comprise the following which also comprise the population in the Philippines.

  1. NCR –National Capital Region – this comprise the whole Metro Manila Philippines, the Quezon City, the Pasay city, the Muntinlupa, Paranaque, and others.
  2. Region I – Ilocos region – this region only comprise four provinces, namely Ilocos Norte, locos Sur, La Union and Pangasinan.
  3. Region II – Cagayan Valley Region – this comprise Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino.
  4. Region III – Central Luzon Region –this comprise Angeles City, Cabanatuan, Olongapo, Pampanga, Palayan, San Jose, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, and Zambales.
  5. Region IV- Southern Tagalog Region – this comprises Batangas, Rizal, Laguna, Mindoro occidental and oriental, Cavite, Lipa, Lucena, Puerto Princesa, San Pablo, Tagaytay, Trece Martires, Aurora, Marinduque, Palawan and Romblon.
  6. Region V – Bicol Region – this comprises Camarines Norte and Sur, Albay, Catanduanes, Masbate, Sorsogon, Legaspi, Iriga and Naga.
  7. Region VI – Western Visayas Region – this comprise Bago city, Bacolod, Cadiz, Iloilo, Roxas, San Carlos, Silay city, Aklan, Antique, Capiz, Negros Occidental, Guimaras, and La Carlotta.
  8. Region VII – Central Visayas Region – this comprise Bais city, Canlaon city, Cebu, Lapu-Lapu city, Mandaue, Toledo city, Bohol, Negros Oriental, and Siquijor.
  9. Region VIII – Eastern Visayas Region – this comprise Tacloban, Calbayog, Ormoc, Biliran, Leyte, Southern Leyte, Eastern Samar, Northern Samar, and Western Samar.
  10. Region IX – Western Mindanao Region – this comprise Dapitan, Dipolog, Pagadian, Zamboanga Del Norte, Zamboanga Del Sur and Basilan.
  11. Region X- Northern Mindanao Region – this comprise Cagayan de Oro, Gingoog city, Oroquieta, Ozamis, Tangub, Bukidnon, Camiguin, Misamis Occidental, and Misamis Oriental.
  12. Region XI – Southern Mindanao Region – this comprise Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, General Santos, Davao Oriental, South Cotabato, and Sarangani.
  13. Region XII- Central Mindanao Region – .this comprise Lanao Del Norte, Sultan Kudarat and Northern Cotabato.
  14. Caraga Region – this comprise Agusan Del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Butuan, Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Sur.
  15. ARMM (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao) – this comprise Lanao Del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu, and Tawi-Tawi.
  16. CAR (Cordillera Administrative Region) – this comprise Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga Apayao and Mountian Province.

From the 16 regions we discuss above where Philippine population is based, it is estimated that the total population in the Philippines is approximately 90 million. Moreover, the population of tourist who visit and stay in the Philippines is not yet included there, what more if we included them in the Philippines population?

A Brief Summary of Philippine Culture

The Filipinos does not come out into the world just as they are now today. The Philippine is not a pure cultured country and neither the Filipinos’ blood that runs within their veins pure – for just like the intermarriage of different cultures into the fabric of Philippines culture so also the Filipino is a product of the marriage of different races who conquer the archipelago- nor their dominant beliefs and traditions today is a pure culture of their own.

For the Philippine culture is a mixed conglomeration of different culture taken from and influenced by those who conquest it since the beginning of its arousal from the beds of the Pacific Ocean.

Historically, it was said that the first inhabitants who settled on the Philippine archipelago are the Negritos and their fellow Australoid Sakai race who migrated from the South Asia during the Pleistocene Era who cross the soil bridge toward the Philippine archipelago whose culture become the first Philippine culture ever recorded in the Philippine history. However, their cultures have not become the dominant culture of Filipinos today but somehow have some traces of it like fishing. But the most influential race that migrated into the Philippine archipelago that marks a great impact on the Philippine culture today and that shape the Filipinos today are the Malay race.

The Malay race are said to be the second group who inhabited the country who come from Taiwan or Formosa then. They are called Austronesian or Malayo-Polynesian people. They have a more advance culture than the Negritos. For they are highly civilized race that has brought and shape the Philippine literature, Philippine art, and the Philippine government today altered only by the culture of the Spaniards and American conquerors who conquest the Philippines whom these conquerors have injected and intermixed on it. Thus, this conglomerated culture has now become the modern day culture of the Filipinos today.

One of the culture that mostly influence the Filipino today from both Malay, Spaniards and Americans, that affects predominantly the Philippine literature and Philippine art is Malay’s native and Islam beliefs and the Spaniards and Americans Roman Catholicism beliefs or the catholic Christianity. For most of the writings of the Filipino writers and authors today, have either a reflection or vestiges of their Islam and Malay philosophy or catholic Christian beliefs, as well as the art of their wrings and the designs of their books.

You could check them up their writings on their books available at the Philippine national Library or you could buy their books at National Bookstore Philippines number one source of Filipino books and writings for sale today. However, you could also see some writings of the ancient Filipino writers at the National Library which varies from epics, dramas, idioms (bugtong), riddles (palaisipan), talinghaga, sayings, hymns, salawikain, and many other similar writings. Some of this writings were even dramatized by some Filipino artist at the Cultural Center of the Philippines – the country’s culture and arts center.

Moreover, not only some Filipino artist dramatized these ancient Filipino writings but at their performance they also display the Filipino artistry in terms of their clothing designs which the ancient Filipinos used to wear, the way Filipino dance and sings, the rituals and ceremonies Filipino held, and other Filipino culture which Filipino inherited from the foreigners who conquest their country and as well as who form the way the Filipinos are now.